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03 декабря 2018, 16:46

35 Incredible Images of Earth’s Mountains and Volcanoes From Space


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Mountains and volcanoes are some of the most fascinating geological formations on Earth — and scientists and adventurers alike can’t get enough of them. Not a lot of us will get a first-hand look at what the planet’s tallest peaks and ranges look like from their summits, but thanks to the photos taken by NASA satellites in orbit and camera-wielding astronauts in space, they are visible as they never would be to the naked eye — hundreds of miles above the Earth.

Click through the slideshow to see stunning images of the Earth’s mountains and volcanoes — from Mount Everest and the Himalayas to the volcanoes of Hawaii and the snow-covered peaks of the Rocky Mountains — captured from space.

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1. Capulin Volcano National Monument, New Mexico

Photo Credit: NASA

Nestled in the northeast corner of New Mexico, Capulin protrudes from the flat expanse, an anthill of giant proportions. A bowl-shaped crater tops the steep, conical hill. From its perch at the eastern edge of the Great Plains, it commands a clear view of New Mexico, Colorado, and Oklahoma. This satellite photo taken on April 4, 2016, by the Landsat 8 satellite, shows a road tracing a vortex from the volcano’s base to a parking lot at its peak.

2. Brandberg Massif, Namibia

Photo Credit: NASA

Over 120 million years ago, a single mass of granite punched through the Earth’s crust and intruded into the heart of the Namib Desert in what is now northern Namibia. Today the mountain of rock called the Brandberg Massif towers over the arid desert. A ring of dark, steep-sided rocks forced upward during the mountain’s arrival encircles the granite intruder. This image was acquired by Landsat 7’s Enhanced Thematic Mapper plus (ETM+) sensor.

3. Mount Egmont Volcano, New Zealand

Photo Credit: NASA

One of the Expedition 41 crew members onboard the International Space Station, flying at an altitude of 226 nautical miles, exposed this image of Mount Egmont Volcano, New Zealand, on Sept. 30, 2014. Sometimes referred to as Mount Taranaki, the land feature is a young stratovolcano that began to form 70,000 years ago, according to volcanists. Located in southwest North Island, New Zealand, Mount Egmont, at 8,261 feet (2,518 meters) is the second tallest volcanic mountain in New Zealand.

4. Volcanic Plateaus in Argentina

Photo Credit: NASA

The Patagonian Andes are a continental landmark easily visible from space. This image was acquired on August 20, 2018, with the Operational Land Imager (OLI) on Landsat 8.

5. Pacaya Volcano, Guatemala

Photo Credit: NASA

Pacaya Volcano, about 25 kilometers (16 miles) from the center of Guatemala City, Guatemala, erupted on March 2, 2014. This natural-color satellite image was collected on the morning of the eruption by the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) aboard the Terra satellite.

6. Mount Shasta, California

Photo Credit: NASA

The Operational Land Imager (OLI) on the Landsat 8 satellite captured this view of California’s Mount Shasta on November 1, 2013.

7. Mount Hood, Oregon

Photo Credit: NASA

Mount Hood is located within the Cascade Range of the western United States, and it is the highest peak in Oregon (3,426 meters, or 11,240 feet. In this astronaut photo from August 5, 2009, bright white glaciers cap the summit, while gray volcanic deposits line the rivers that drain the mountain, and green forests cover the lower slopes.

8. Nanga Parbat, Pakistan

Photo Credit: NASA

Nanga Parbat is the ninth tallest mountain in the world, but it is one of the most alluring for both mountain climbers and scientists. Located in northern Pakistan, Nanga Parbat is the westernmost of the eight-thousanders. NASA Earth Observatory image was acquired on March 3, 2013.

9. Mount Jefferson, Oregon

Photo Credit: NASA

Towering over the surrounding mountains, Oregon’s second-tallest peak poses a challenge for climbers and satellites. Mount Jefferson was one of five volcanic peaks that the Lewis and Clark expedition observed rising over the Cascade Range during their voyage down the Columbia River, and the only one they named. At 3,199 meters (10,495 feet) in elevation, Mount Jefferson ranks as the second highest peak in Oregon. This view of the volcano came from the Operational Land Imager on the Landsat 8 satellite on August 13, 2013.

10. The Alps, Europe

Photo Credit: NASA

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Terra satellite acquired this nearly cloud-free image of the Alps on March 19, 2016. The mountain range stretches 1200 kilometers (750 miles) across eight countries, and it is the longest mountain chain situated entirely within Europe. The Alps include more than a hundred peaks higher than 4000 meters (13,000 feet).

11. Navajo Mountain, Utah

Photo Credit: NASA

The Colorado Plateau of Arizona, Colorado, New Mexico, and Utah is made of mostly flat-lying layers of sedimentary rock that record paleoclimate extremes ranging from oceans to widespread deserts over the last 1.8 billion years. Navajo Mountain in southeastern Utah is a dome-shaped chunk of igneous rock that intruded into the sedimentary layers and lifted up the overlying layer. Navajo Mountain is one of several of these rock formations, called laccoliths by geologists, in southeastern Utah’s portion of the Plateau. This astronaut photograph was acquired October 14, 2005.

12. Bolivian Andes

Photo Credit: NASA

More than 7,000 kilometers (4,400 miles) long and more than 500 kilometers (300 miles) wide in places, the Andes Mountains encompass a wide range of climates and habitats, from snow-capped mountain peaks to rainforests to high deserts. This picture, acquired by NASA’s Landsat 7 satellite, shows a dramatic change in landscape about 250 kilometers southeast of la Paz, the capital of Bolivia.

13. Mount Shasta, California

Photo Credit: NASA

Astronauts aboard the International Space Station captured this images of Mount Shasta while orbiting over northern California on August 21, 2017.

14. Sierra Nevada, Spain

Photo Credit: NASA

The Sierra Nevada, part of the Betic Cordillera of southern Spain, were formed during the Alpine Orogeny, a mountain-building event that also formed the European Alps to the east and the Atlas Mountains of northern Africa across the Mediterranean Sea to the south. This astronaut photograph, acquired December 11, 2005, depicts the Veleta Peak region of the range and illustrates the sharp contrast between the snow-capped mountains, adjacent dry lowlands to the west and north, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.

15. Mauna Kea, Hawaii

Photo Credit: NASA

Mauna Kea (“White Mountain”) is the the highest volcano on the island of Hawaii, and is an ideal location for astronomical observatories. It is the only volcano on the island of Hawaii that has evidence of glaciation. This astronaut photograph was acquired on November 1, 2015.

16. Mt. Redoubt Volcano, Alaska

Photo Credit: NASA

The glacier-covered Redoubt Volcano is one of many that line Alaska’s southern shores. Located 177 kilometers (110 miles) southwest of Anchorage, Redoubt is one of the peaks in the scenic Chigmit Mountain Range that frames the western side of Cook Inlet in Lake Clark National Park and Preserve. This image was taken by the Landsat satellite on August 16, 2000.

17. Mount Ararat, Turkey

Photo Credit: NASA

Mount Ararat (16,940 feet, 5165 m) is the largest volcano in Turkey. Although not currently active, its most recent eruption has probably been within the last 10,000 years. This image was taken from the Space Shuttle on March 18, 2001.

18. Mount Kazbek, Caucasus, Russia

Photo Credit: NASA

This photograph of Mt. Kazbek was taken from the International Space Station on August 13, 2002. The astronauts and cosmonauts took the photograph at the request of the Russian URAGAN project, which is studying changes in the world’s glaciers in response to global climate change.

19. Mount Etna, Sicily

Photo Credit: NASA

One of the most consistently active volcanoes in the world, Sicily’s Mount Etna has a historical record of eruptions dating back to 1500 BC. This astronaut photograph was acquired August 2, 2006.

20. Tien Shan Mountains, China

Photo Credit: NASA

The Tien Shan mountain range is one of the largest continuous mountain ranges in the world, extending approximately 1,550 miles (2,500 kilometers) roughly east-west across Central Asia. This image taken by the Expedition 27 crew aboard the International Space Station provides a view of the central Tien Shan, about 40 miles (64 kilometers) east of where the borders of China, Kyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan meet.

21. Mount Olympus, Greece

Photo Credit: NASA

Mount Olympus is the highest peak in Greece. The 2,917-meter (9,570-foot) summit is the tallest in a mountain chain that runs north into Bulgaria and south into Turkey, via the Cyclades Islands. In this winter view, Olympus is the only peak with a dusting of snow — perhaps the reason its name in classical Greek means “the luminous one.” This astronaut photograph was acquired November 22, 2004.

22. Mont Blanc, Italy and France

Photo Credit: NASA

Mont Blanc is the highest mountain in Western Europe. This image was acquired by Landsat 7’s Enhanced Thematic Mapper plus (ETM+) sensor on July 30, 2001.

23. Mount Damavand, Iran

Photo Credit: NASA

Mount Damavand is the highest peak in Iran and the highest volcano in the Middle East. The mountain and its surrounding areas are popular hiking, climbing, and skiing destinations. While no historic eruptions of the volcano are recorded, hot springs on the flanks of the volcano and fumaroles (steam vents) in the summit crater suggest that a hot or cooling magma body is still present beneath the volcano. This astronaut photograph was acquired January 15, 2005.

24. Anti-Atlas Mountains, Morocco

Photo Credit: NASA

These are the Anti-Atlas Mountains, part of the Atlas Mountain range in southern Morocco, Africa. The region contains some of the world’s largest and most diverse mineral resources, most of which are still untouched. This image was acquired by the Landsat 7 satellite on June 22, 2001.

25. Mount Everest, Nepal and China

Photo Credit: NASA

Fourteen mountain peaks on Earth stand taller than 8,000 meters (26,247 feet). The tallest of these “eight-thousanders” is Mount Everest, the standard to which all other mountains are compared. The Nepalese name for the mountain is Sagarmatha: “mother of the universe.” This images was acquired on October 25, 2011.

26. Mount Fuji, Japan

Photo Credit: NASA

Mount Fuji is one of Japan’s most striking symbols, and tourism in the area is highly developed. As the highest peak in Japan (3776 meters or 12,389 feet), it is visible from great distances with a brilliant snow cap for many months of the year. This image was acquired on February 8, 2015.

27. Barberton Mountains, South Africa

Photo Credit: NASA

The mountains around the town of Barberton, South Africa, are rich in both history and prehistory. Referred to as the Barberton Greenstone, these mountains derive their name from their greenish hue, and they comprise what may be the world’s best-known greenstone belt. The Enhanced Thematic Mapper Plus sensor on NASA’s Landsat 7 satellite acquired this natural-color image of the Barberton Mountains on May 30, 2001.

28. Luquillo Mountains, Puerto Rico

Photo Credit: NASA

The Luquillo Mountains are located in the northeastern portion of Puerto Rico, and they rise to elevations of 1,075 meters (about 3,527 feet). Higher elevations receive more rainfall than lower elevations, leading to subtropical forest types in the lowlands and high-mountain forest types near the summits. This astronaut photograph, acquired on December 23, 2007, was taken during the rainy season and illustrates the rich vegetation on the mountains.

29. Semien Mountains, Ethiopia

Photo Credit: NASA

The Semien Mountains are the highest parts of the Ethiopian Plateau (more than 2,000 meters; or 6,560 feet). They are surrounded by a steep, ragged escarpment (step), with dramatic vertical cliffs, pinnacles, and rock spires. This astronaut photograph was acquired on November 16, 2007, taken by the Expedition 16 crew.

30. Heart Mountain, Wyoming

Photo Credit: NASA

Heart Mountain is a dramatic, 8,123-foot (2,476-meter) peak just north of Cody, Wyoming, on the floor of the Bighorn Basin. This true-color image of Heart Mountain and the surrounding area was acquired on July 24, 2000, by the Enhanced Thematic Mapper plus aboard NASA’s Landsat Satellite.

31. Ulinta Mountains, Utah

Photo Credit: NASA

This image of the Uinta Mountains in northeast Utah, taken by the Landsat 5 satellite on July 15, 2011, shows snowpack on the range well into summer.

32. Appalachian Mountains, North America

Photo Credit: NASA

This regional view shows the striking visual effect of the valley-and-ridge topography of the Appalachian Mountains as viewed from the International Space Station on November 17, 2012. The Appalachian Mountains appear striped because the ridges are forested, providing a dense and dark canopy cover, while the valleys are farmed with crops that generally appear as lighter-toned areas.

33. Mount Shasta, California

Photo Credit: NASA

Summit of Mt. Shasta is show in a photo taken in April 1, 2018 by astronauts of the International Space Station.

34. Carpathian Mountains, Romania

Photo Credit: NASA

The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) on NASA’s Aqua satellite observed fall color along the Carpathian Mountains on October 5, 2018. It is the second largest mountain range in Europe, spanning five countries; more than half of the range is located in Romania.

35. Augustine Volcano, Alaska

Photo Credit: NASA

On December 12, 2005, a plume of volcanic gas and steam billowed from Augustine Volcano in the Gulf of Alaska and spread approximately 80 kilometers (50 miles) toward the southeast. The Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) flying onboard the Aqua satellite captured this image the same day. In this image, the volcanic plume streams from the tiny, snow-capped volcanic island and dissipates over the ocean.

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